University of California Sues DHS Over DACA Revocation

The Regents of the University of California and Janet Napolitano v. Department of Homeland Security, Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief

On September 8, 2017, the University of California system and its President, Janet Napolitanofiled a complaint in the Northern District of California to challenge the DHS revocation of DACA, (referred to as the “Rescission”). If the name Janet Napolitano sounds familiar from previous DACA coverage, it is because she was the Secretary of DHS who authorized the original DACA memo. Now, as President of the University of California, Napolitano is asserting standing to sue in her official capacity.

The main question here is whether the University has standing to sue over the DHS memo. The key elements of standing are that the plaintiff must have a direct injury, the injury is redressable in court, and the defendant’s action caused the injury.

The complaint asserts two substantially similar claims as New York v. Trump, but provides a unique due process argument – claiming that the University has a protected property interest in the resources that it spent on DACA recipients that DHS stripped away with the DACA revocation. This due process argument will likely be the heart of the University’s standing. This is the injury that the University suffered that DHS caused.

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States Sue Trump, DHS Over DACA Revocation

States of NY, et al v. Trump, Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief

On September 6, 2017, the attorneys general from fifteen states and the District of Columbia filed a complaint in the Eastern District of New York to challenge DHS’s revocation of the DACA program, referred to as the “DHS Memorandum.” Plaintiffs seek for the court to declare the DHS memo as unlawful; enjoin Defendants from rescinding the DACA program; enjoin Defendants from using information obtained in DACA applications for immigration enforcement actions against applicants, members of the applicant’s family, or actions against the applicant’s employer.

Procedural Posture:

This is an initial complaint filed in the Eastern District of New York seeking declaratory and injunctive relief. The States of New York, Massachusetts, Washington, Connecticut, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont and Virginia have sued Donald Trump in his official capacity; the Department of Homeland Security; Elaine C. Duke in her official capacity; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services; U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement; and the United States of America.

Claims Presented:

Fifth Amendment – Equal Protection Clause

(1) Plaintiffs seek relief under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fifth Amendment.

Plaintiffs allege that the DACA rescission (referred to as “DHS Memorandum”) was motivated by a discriminatory intent, or desire, to harm Mexicans. Because Mexicans are the largest group of DACA recipients, the rescission has a discriminatory impact against this group.

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DHS Revokes DACA

Effective immediately, the Department of Homeland Security will phase out the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program.

On Monday, September 4, 2017, Attorney General Jeff Sessions issued a letter to the Department of Homeland Security to revoke the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program (DACA). The following day, Acting Secretary of Homeland Security Elaine C. Duke issued a memorandum that (1) rescinds the basis for DACA – the June 2012 memo, and (2) sets forward a plan for phasing out DACA.

The DACA program was formally initiated on June 15, 2012 by Janet Napolitano, then-Secretary of Homeland Security. The basis for this program is Napolitano’s policy memorandum, “Exercising Prosecutorial Discretion with Respect to Individuals Who Came to the United States as Children.” In this memo, she directs the Department of Homeland Security to use its discretion when targeting undocumented immigrants to find childhood arrivals as a “low priority.”

What is the DACA phase out plan?

In her memo, Acting Secretary Duke outlined the particulars of how this revocation of DACA will effect current and pending recipients of the program:

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Trump writes Pres. memo, “Military Service by Transgender Individuals”

This presidential memo reinstates the long-standing ban on transgender military service.

On August 25, President Trump issued a memorandum directing the Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Homeland Security to reinstate the prohibition on openly transgender military service members.

Section 1(a) of the memorandum outlines the history of the prior prohibition on military service by transgender individuals. Prior to June 2016, transgender persons were prohibited from joining the military and, if already serving, discharge based on this status was appropriate. At the Palm Center, a group of current and former military professors describe the pre-2016 policy as “an outright ban that was premised on the general presumption that transgender Americans are unfit to serve in the armed forces.”

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GLAD, NCLR Sue Trump Over Transgender Military Ban

Doe v. Trump

On August 8, 2017, GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders (GLAD) and the National Center for Lesbian Rights (NCLR) filed Doe v. Trump, a federal lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia challenging President Trump’s directive to reinstate a ban on transgender people serving in the military. As GLAD reports, the suit was filed on behalf of 5 transgender service members with nearly 60 years of combined military service.

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Trump signed E.O., “Enforcing Federal Law with Respect to Transnational Criminal Organizations and Preventing International Trafficking”

This executive order redirects the Threat Mitigation Working Group to detect and prosecute international drug cartels.

At Vox, German Lopez reports that the three orders issued today, Feb. 9th, are intentionally vague but are setting the stage for a “tough on crime” administration.

Section 2 sets policies for the new administration to tackle international drug cartels, including increased cooperation with foreign intelligence agencies. Section 3 calls for the Secretary of State, AG, Secretary of Homeland Security and Director of National Intelligence to co-chair and redirect the Threat Mitigation Working Group (TMWG). Additionally, the working group will report and make recommendations in 120 days.

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