University of California Sues DHS Over DACA Revocation

The Regents of the University of California and Janet Napolitano v. Department of Homeland Security, Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief

On September 8, 2017, the University of California system and its President, Janet Napolitanofiled a complaint in the Northern District of California to challenge the DHS revocation of DACA, (referred to as the “Rescission”). If the name Janet Napolitano sounds familiar from previous DACA coverage, it is because she was the Secretary of DHS who authorized the original DACA memo. Now, as President of the University of California, Napolitano is asserting standing to sue in her official capacity.

The main question here is whether the University has standing to sue over the DHS memo. The key elements of standing are that the plaintiff must have a direct injury, the injury is redressable in court, and the defendant’s action caused the injury.

The complaint asserts two substantially similar claims as New York v. Trump, but provides a unique due process argument – claiming that the University has a protected property interest in the resources that it spent on DACA recipients that DHS stripped away with the DACA revocation. This due process argument will likely be the heart of the University’s standing. This is the injury that the University suffered that DHS caused.

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States Sue Trump, DHS Over DACA Revocation

States of NY, et al v. Trump, Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief

On September 6, 2017, the attorneys general from fifteen states and the District of Columbia filed a complaint in the Eastern District of New York to challenge DHS’s revocation of the DACA program, referred to as the “DHS Memorandum.” Plaintiffs seek for the court to declare the DHS memo as unlawful; enjoin Defendants from rescinding the DACA program; enjoin Defendants from using information obtained in DACA applications for immigration enforcement actions against applicants, members of the applicant’s family, or actions against the applicant’s employer.

Procedural Posture:

This is an initial complaint filed in the Eastern District of New York seeking declaratory and injunctive relief. The States of New York, Massachusetts, Washington, Connecticut, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont and Virginia have sued Donald Trump in his official capacity; the Department of Homeland Security; Elaine C. Duke in her official capacity; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services; U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement; and the United States of America.

Claims Presented:

Fifth Amendment – Equal Protection Clause

(1) Plaintiffs seek relief under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fifth Amendment.

Plaintiffs allege that the DACA rescission (referred to as “DHS Memorandum”) was motivated by a discriminatory intent, or desire, to harm Mexicans. Because Mexicans are the largest group of DACA recipients, the rescission has a discriminatory impact against this group.

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DHS Revokes DACA

Effective immediately, the Department of Homeland Security will phase out the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program.

On Monday, September 4, 2017, Attorney General Jeff Sessions issued a letter to the Department of Homeland Security to revoke the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program (DACA). The following day, Acting Secretary of Homeland Security Elaine C. Duke issued a memorandum that (1) rescinds the basis for DACA – the June 2012 memo, and (2) sets forward a plan for phasing out DACA.

The DACA program was formally initiated on June 15, 2012 by Janet Napolitano, then-Secretary of Homeland Security. The basis for this program is Napolitano’s policy memorandum, “Exercising Prosecutorial Discretion with Respect to Individuals Who Came to the United States as Children.” In this memo, she directs the Department of Homeland Security to use its discretion when targeting undocumented immigrants to find childhood arrivals as a “low priority.”

What is the DACA phase out plan?

In her memo, Acting Secretary Duke outlined the particulars of how this revocation of DACA will effect current and pending recipients of the program:

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Trump signed E.O., “Task Force on Crime Reduction and Public Safety”

This executive order establishes a task force to address “illegal immigration, drug trafficking, and violent crime.”

Section 1 of the order lays out the focus of the task force: illegal immigration. This order revolves around drug trafficking and violent crime committed by  immigrants. The Task Force will be created by the Attorney General to (1) “exchange information and ideas,” (2) “develop strategies to reduce crime,” (3) “identify deficiencies in existing laws “that are less effective in reducing crime, (4) “propose new legislation” to improve public safety and reduce crime, (5) “evaluate the availability and adequacy of crime-related data,” and (6) “identify measures that could improve data collection.”
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Contributor Post: A holistic look at Trump’s three immigration E.O.s

The executive order which POTUS signed on January 27th restricts immigration from Iran, Iraq, Sudan, Syria, Libya, Somalia and Yemen. It affects travelers on all types of visas (other than diplomatic and UN ones) and refugees. On January 25th, POTUS also signed an executive order aimed at strengthening border security and immigration enforcement.

These executive orders, designed to curb the migration to the U.S. of “undesirable” (dangerous or unauthorized) immigrants and refugees, represent a piece meal approach to a global social problem and does not take into consideration the complexity of issues involved in this worldwide phenomenon of migration or its unintended consequences. The following are some of the important points, other than the legal/constitutional or moral arguments already described in other editorials, that make these measures objectionable. Continue reading “Contributor Post: A holistic look at Trump’s three immigration E.O.s”

Trump signed E.O., “Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States” (UPDATE: Nationwide stay ordered)

This E.O. bars Syrian refugees until “further notice,” and suspends some visa travel for 90 days

Read in full: Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States

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